How to write an conclusion for a research paper
Categories » education and communications » research and approvedwikihow to write a conclusion for a research parts:sample conclusionswriting a basic conclusionmaking your conclusion as effective as possibleavoiding common pitfallscommunity q& conclusion of a research paper needs to summarize the content and purpose of the paper without seeming too wooden or dry. Every basic conclusion must share several key elements, but there are also several tactics you can play around with to craft a more effective conclusion and several you should avoid in order to prevent yourself from weakening your paper's conclusion. Here are some writing tips to keep in mind when creating the conclusion for your next research conclusion for history g a basic e the should briefly restate the topic as well as explaining why it is important. Good research paper will make the importance of your topic apparent, so you do not need to write an elaborate defense of your topic in the y a single sentence is all you need to restate your example would be if you were writing a paper on the epidemiology of an infectious disease, you might say something like "tuberculosis is a widespread infectious disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year. Another example from the humanities would be a paper about the italian renaissance: "the italian renaissance was an explosion of art and ideas centered around artists, writers, and thinkers in florence. It should not be identical or too similar to the sentence you originally re-wording your thesis statement in a way that complements your summary of the topic of your paper in your first sentence of your example of a good thesis statement, going back to the paper on tuberculosis, would be "tuberculosis is a widespread disease that affects millions of people worldwide every year. Essentially, you need to remind your reader what you told them in the body of the paper. Good way to go about this is to re-read the topic sentence of each major paragraph or section in the body of your a way to briefly restate each point mentioned in each topic sentence in your conclusion. Do not repeat any of the supporting details used within your body most circumstances, you should avoid writing new information in your conclusion. This is especially true if the information is vital to the argument or research presented in your example, in the tb paper you could summarize the information. If your paper proceeds in an inductive manner and you have not fully explained the significance of your points yet, you need to do so in your conclusion. That this is not needed for all research you already fully explained what the points in your paper mean or why they are significant, you do not need to go into them in much detail in your conclusion. Simply restating your thesis or the significance of your topic should is always best practice to address important issues and fully explain your points in the body of your paper. The point of a conclusion to a research paper is to summarize your argument for the reader and, perhaps, to call the reader to action if a call to action when appropriate. If and when needed, you can state to your readers that there is a need for further research on your paper's that a call for action is not essential to all conclusions. A research paper on literary criticism, for instance, is less likely to need a call for action than a paper on the effect that television has on toddlers and young children. Paper that is more likely to call readers to action is one that addresses a public or scientific need. Call to action in this research paper would be a follow-up statement that might be along the lines of "despite new efforts to diagnose and contain the disease, more research is needed to develop new antibiotics that will treat the most resistant strains of tuberculosis and ease the side effects of current treatments.
How to write a conclusion for a research paper
11] the most basic conclusion is the summary closing, which is very similar to the paper's this sort of conclusion is so basic, it is vital that you aim to synthesize the information rather than merely summarizing d of merely repeating things you already said, rephrase your thesis and supporting points in a way that ties them all doing so, you make your research paper seem like a "complete thought" rather than a collection of random and vaguely related things full circle. In your conclusion, restate the question and provide a direct an anecdote or story in your introduction but do not share the ending. Instead, write the conclusion to the anecdote in the conclusion of your example, if you wanted to get more creative and put a more humanistic spin on a paper on tuberculosis you might start your introduction with a story about a person with the disease, and refer to that story in your conclusion. For example, you could say something like this before you re-state your thesis in your conclusion: "patient x was unable to complete the treatment for tuberculosis due to severe side effects and unfortunately succumbed to the disease. The images may or may not appear at other points throughout the research with logic. If your research paper presented multiple sides of an issue, use your conclusion to state a logical opinion formed by your e enough information about your topic to back the statement up but do not get too carried away with excess your research did not provide you with a clear-cut answer to a question posed in your thesis, do not be afraid to indicate as e your initial hypothesis and indicate whether you still believe it or if the research you performed has begun swaying your te that an answer may still exist and that further research could shed more light on the topic at a question. Instead of handing the reader the conclusion, you are asking the reader to form his or her own may not be appropriate for all types of research papers. Most research papers, such as one on effective treatment for diseases, will have the information to make the case for a particular argument already in the paper. Good example of a paper that might ask a question of the reader in the ending is one about a social issue, such as poverty or government a question that will directly get at the heart or purpose of the paper. If you are including a call to action in your conclusion, you could provide your reader with a recommendation on how to proceed with further without a call to action, you can still make a recommendation to your instance, if you are writing about a topic like third-world poverty, you can various ways for the reader to assist in the problem without necessarily calling for more r example would be, in a paper about treatment for drug resistant tuberculosis, you could suggest making a donation to the world health organization or research foundations which are developing new treatments for the ng common saying "in conclusion" or similar sayings. Sayings usually sound stiff, unnatural, or trite when used in er, using a phrase like "in conclusion" to begin your conclusion is a little too straight-forward and tends to lead to a weak conclusion. A strong conclusion can stand on its own without being labelled as not wait until the conclusion to state your thesis. While it may be tempting to save your thesis in order to create a dramatic end to your paper, doing so will create a paper that seems less cohesive and more state the main argument or thesis in the introduction. A research paper is an analytical discussion of an academic topic, not a mystery novel. Good, effective research paper will allow your reader to follow your main argument from start to is why it is best practice to start your paper with an introduction that states your main argument, and to end the paper with a conclusion that re-states your thesis for out new information. 13] a new idea, new subtopic, or new evidence is too significant to save until the significant information should be introduced in the body of the ting evidence expands the topic of your paper by making it appear more detailed. Conclusion should only summarize what you have already stated in the body of your may make a suggestion for further research or a call to action, but you should not bring in any new evidence or facts in the changing the tone of the paper. The tone of your research paper should be consistent the entire way often, a shift in tone occurs when a research paper with an academic tone is give an emotional or sentimental if the topic of the paper is of personal significance for you, you should not indicate as much in your you want to give your paper a more humanistic slant, you could start and end your paper with a story or anecdote that would give your topic more personal meaning to the tone should be consistent throughout the paper, no apologies.
First person is generally considered to be very informal and does not fit with the formal tone of a research is an ideal length for an introduction and a conclusion? Conclusions should be around 3-6, you are basically wrapping everything up so you want it short and do i make a hypothesis in a research paper? For example, if your paper is about endangered species and why they are becoming endangered and you feel it's due to neglect by world citizens, then that's your hypothesis: the increasing numbers of endangered species is due to failure on the part of citizens of the world to care for the do i write a conclusion if my thesis is to prove or disprove something? Reaffirm the conclusions you came to during your thesis as a do i write out findings in a term paper? By introducing your topic and hypothesis, then state your research findings and write a many sentences should a conclusion in a research paper be? It doesn't have to be that do i make a recommendation in a research paper? You tell what to write in the conclusion of the first war of independence and the struggles for it? More unanswered to write an to write an essay to write a persuasive to put a quote in an to write a compare and contrast to write a narrative to write an analytical to write a critical to write a comparative s and citations. Http:///writing/wweb/ries: essays | research and uês: escrever a conclusão de uma pesquisa, español: escribir una conclusión para una investigación, italiano: scrivere la conclusione per un saggio di fan mail to to all authors for creating a page that has been read 1,231,727 this article help you? Personally, i think that this article really helped me improve and overall write a good (geographical) conclusion for my research report. I got an a+ on my paper, and the teacher marked that the conclusion was the best part. This article was very easy to were step-by-step steps and even a quick skim will give one an understanding of a essay conclusion. I'm writing a research paper on sweden for my teacher, and i didn't know what a conclusion was, so this article really helped. I'm writing the documentation for my graduation project, and need to write a suitable conclusion. It helped me to start off with writing a conclusion to my independent research paper. Articleshow to write an essayhow to write an essay introductionhow to write a persuasive essayhow to put a quote in an text shared under a creative commons d by answer sity of southern zing your social sciences research zing your social sciences research paper: 9. The purpose of this guide is to provide advice on how to develop and organize a research paper in the social of research flaws to ndent and dependent ry of research terms. Choosing a research ing a topic ning a topic ing the timeliness of a topic idea.
An oral g with g someone else's to manage group of structured group project survival g a book le book review ing collected g a field informed g a policy g a research conclusion is intended to help the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem, but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. For most essays, one well-developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, a two or three paragraph conclusion may be sions. Well-written conclusion provides you with important opportunities to demonstrate to the reader your understanding of the research problem. Just as the introduction gives a first impression to your reader, the conclusion offers a chance to leave a lasting impression. The conclusion is an opportunity to succinctly answer [or in some cases, to re-emphasize] the "so what? Question by placing the study within the context of how your research advances past research about the fying how a gap in the literature has been addressed. The conclusion can be where you describe how a previously identified gap in the literature [described in your literature review section] has been filled by your trating the importance of your ideas. The conclusion offers you the opportunity to elaborate on the impact and significance of your ucing possible new or expanded ways of thinking about the research problem. This does not refer to introducing new information [which should be avoided], but to offer new insight and creative approaches for framing or contextualizing the research problem based on the results of your , david. Purdue ure and writing function of your paper's conclusion is to restate the main argument. Do this by stating clearly the context, background, and necessity of pursuing the research problem you investigated in relation to an issue, controversy, or a gap found in the literature. Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary of the findings. This reduces the impact of the argument(s) you have developed in your writing the conclusion to your paper, follow these general rules:State your conclusions in clear, simple language. What were the unique or new contributions your study made to the overall research about your topic? Provide a synthesis of arguments presented in the paper to show how these converge to address the research problem and the overall objectives of your te opportunities for future research if you haven't already done so in the discussion section of your paper. Highlighting the need for further research provides the reader with evidence that you have an in-depth awareness of the research er the following points to help ensure your conclusion is presented well:If the argument or purpose of your paper is complex, you may need to summarize the argument for your , prior to your conclusion, you have not yet explained the significance of your findings or if you are proceeding inductively, use the end of your paper to describe your main points and explain their from a detailed to a general level of consideration that returns the topic to the context provided by the introduction or within a new context that emerges from the conclusion also provides a place for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your research problem, given that the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic. Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may contain your reflections on the evidence presented, or on the essay's central research problem.
However, the nature of being introspective about the research you have done will depend on the topic and whether your professor wants you to express your observations in this : if asked to think introspectively about the topics, do not delve into idle speculation. Developing a compelling gh an effective conclusion needs to be clear and succinct, it does not need to be written passively or lack a compelling narrative. Strategies to help you move beyond merely summarizing the key points of your research paper may include any of the following strategies:If your essay deals with a contemporary problem, warn readers of the possible consequences of not attending to the end a specific course or courses of action that, if adopted, could address a specific problem in practice or in the development of new a relevant quotation or expert opinion already noted in your paper in order to lend authority to the conclusion you have reached [a good place to look is research from your literature review]. The consequences of your research in a way that elicits action or demonstrates urgency in seeking e a key statistic, fact, or visual image to emphasize the ultimate point of your your discipline encourages personal reflection, illustrate your concluding point with a relevant narrative drawn from your own life to an anecdote, an example, or a quotation that you presented in your introduction, but add further insight derived from the findings of your study; use your interpretation of results to recast it in new or important e a "take-home" message in the form of a strong, succinct statement that you want the reader to remember about your . Although you should give a summary of what was learned from your research, this summary should be relatively brief, since the emphasis in the conclusion is on the implications, evaluations, insights, and other forms of analysis that you make. Strategies for writing concisely can be found e to comment on larger, more significant the introduction, your task was to move from the general [the field of study] to the specific [the research problem]. However, in the conclusion, your task is to move from a specific discussion [your research problem] back to a general discussion [i. In short, the conclusion is where you should place your research within a larger context [visualize your paper as an hourglass--start with a broad introduction and review of the literature, move to the specific analysis and discussion, conclude with a broad summary of the study's implications and significance]. To reveal problems and negative ve aspects of the research process should never be ignored. Problems, drawbacks, and challenges encountered during your study should be summarized as a way of qualifying your overall conclusions. Findings that are validated outside the research context in which they were generated], you must report them in the results section and discuss their implications in the discussion section of your paper. In the conclusion, use your summary of the negative results as an opportunity to explain their possible significance and/or how they may form the basis for future e to provide a clear summary of what was order to be able to discuss how your research fits back into your field of study [and possibly the world at large], you need to summarize briefly and succinctly how it contributes to new knowledge or a new understanding about the research problem. This element of your conclusion may be only a few sentences e to match the objectives of your research objectives in the social sciences change while the research is being carried out. As these changes emerge they must be documented so that they accurately reflect what you were trying to accomplish in your research [not what you thought you might accomplish when you began]. The urge to you've immersed yourself in studying the research problem, you presumably should know a good deal about it, perhaps even more than your professor! T surprise the reader with new information in your conclusion that was never referenced anywhere else in the paper. If you have new information to present, add it to the discussion or other appropriate section of the paper. Note that, although no actual new information is introduced, the conclusion is where you offer your most "original" contributions in the paper; it's where you describe the value of your research, demonstrate that you understand the material that you’ve presented, and locate your findings within the larger context of scholarship on the topic, including describing how your research contributes new insights or value to that sions.
University of southern sity of southern zing your social sciences research zing your social sciences research paper: 9. You should feel comforted that there are easy ways to succeed in writing up the conclusion paragraph to your research of a research paper you can write an effective conclusion paragraph, you need to understand its purpose. Now, this is where most students worry about d of rewriting the points exactly as you have before, you want to shorten them up by taking the main ideas of the whole paper and turning them into concise sentences that get straight to the point. It is also your chance to show how you’ve proven your thesis throughout the research ure of your introduction paragraph should go from broad (first sentence as a hook to bring readers in) to narrow (thesis statement that specifically addresses your paper’s claim). The conclusion is the exact opposite of that, so you can use your introduction paragraph as somewhat of a the conclusion, start narrow by first restating your thesis (in different words than in your introduction) and showing how you proved it. Then, work on broadening your conclusion to the outer conclusion should also make an attempt to address the significance of your topic. When writing a research paper, you are utilizing other authors’ information in order to present a claim. In the conclusion, attempt to answer this question: “why is my claim about this topic important? Between synthesizing and your conclusion, you want to synthesize the information in your paper, not simply summarize it. Your readers already looked through your piece of writing and know what it synthesize effectively, you need to show your readers how everything you put in your research paper fits together to create a cohesive whole. What did you create when you put all of your ideas and evidence down onto paper? Students suffer from writing conclusion paragraphs that are either too short or much too long. As a good rule of thumb, your conclusion should be about the same length of your introduction paragraph. Of course, if the length of your introduction paragraph is off, then your conclusion will be r good way to gauge how long your conclusion should be is by counting how many supporting ideas you have in your paragraph. You could easily write 5 sentences that are extremely long and you likely still have a conclusion that’s too long despite limiting your sentence ’s a quick list of things that you should never, ever incorporate in your conclusion paragraph:New ideas. You should really avoid clichés in all areas of your writing, but it goes extra in your conclusion since it’s the last bit of your . This also means that you shouldn’t break the standard that you set in your ’t let writing your conclusion paragraph intimidate you. Once you feel you’ve adequately proven the significance of your research paper to your reader, then your job is d postsneed to write a research paper?