Research proposal on teenage pregnancy in ghana

3)document actionsdownloadshare or embed documentsharing optionsshare on facebook, opens a new windowshare on twitter, opens a new windowshare on linkedinshare by email, opens mail clientembedview morecopyright: attribution non-commercial (by-nc)download as doc, pdf, txt or read online from scribdflag for inappropriate contentresearch proposalname: emmanuel mensah title: teenage pregnancy and its effect on a ic progression in kabakaba educational circuit in the centeral e pregnancy is the period where children between the ages of 12 to 17 become pregnant. Every year approximately one million teenage girls become pregnant in ghana and of these cases 13 percent are from the kabakaba educational circuit. As a result teenage pregnancy has become an important public policy issue as it has been defined as a social problem rather than an individual concern. Educational circuit, like many other educational circuits in ghana is experiencing a study increase in teen’s pregnancies and teens engaging in premarital sex. Furthermore the pregnancy resource center in the central regional hospital report that in 2003, an estimated 1,150 pregnancy test were administered by their ers received 570 of these test. An increase of 170 additional tests was given to teens in 2003 than the previous ent of purpose of this study is to • determine how many of the teenage pregnancy girls are able to complete school,How many of them become drop out, the social effect of their actions and inactions,The factors that account for the increase in teen pregnancy cases and the way forward to stop this decadence and also to help those whose are engulfed in it already. Quasi-experimental research methodology shall be used on the sample population of high schools in the area, . Primary and secondary research method shall be used in order to gain a complete insight into the issue. The secondary research shall utilize books, magazine and the internet to gain further knowledge and information about the subject ent of the study would conclude using limited sample from the entire population, therefore we assume that the provided sample would provide us with an unbiased overview of the entire population and therefore our analysis and study would be applicable on the entire district. Are one million teenage mothers in ghana, as statistics shows 13% of them are from kabakaba educational circuit.

Research on teenage pregnancy in ghana

The above data analyzed shows that the progress in education is hampered by teenage pregnancy and as such a concerted effort must be made by policy makers and the citizenry to curb such description questionnaire questionnaire review questionnaire analysis staff budget administration over cost tion ¢600 ¢300 ¢700 ¢300 ¢200 ¢ budgetary allocation above is to help in the collection of data, analysis and order to create a true solution to the problem of teenage pregnancy, many different approaches will need to be combined and created. Teen pregnancy had definitely become a social problem and needs to be addressed on many different education, awareness and honesty are some of the important topics that needs to be inculcated in the educational system. 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Msw, naomi and naomi farberon becoming a teen mom: life before pregnancyby mary patrice erdmans and timothy blackbest books about statisticsmedical statistics made easyby michael harris and gordon taylorsas statistics data analysis certification questions: unofficial sas data analysis certification and interview questionsby equity pressbusiness statistics i essentialsby louise clarkspss for youby a rajathi and p chandranpredictive analytics and data mining: concepts and practice with rapidminerby vijay kotu and bala deshpandepractical statistical process controlby colin up to vote on this titleusefulnot usefulmaster your semester with scribd & the new york timesspecial offer for students: only $4. Dialogthis title now requires a credituse one of your book credits to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the t focus on teen pregnancy? Thus, the pattern tends to start in the teenage years, and, once teens have had a first child outside marriage, many go on to have additional children out of wedlock at an older age. So, if we want to prevent out-of-wedlock childbearing and the growth of single-parent families, the teenage years are a good place to , teen childbearing is very costly. A 1997 study by rebecca maynard of mathematica policy research in princeton, new jersey, found that, after controlling for differences between teen mothers and mothers aged 20 or 21 when they had their first child, teen childbearing costs taxpayers more than $7 billion a year or $3,200 a year for each teenage birth, conservatively simple rules poor teens should follow to join the middle day, march 13, e benefits for l fix and ron ay, february 2, and marriage: the way to end poverty and v. In fact, half of all current welfare recipients had their first child as a research suggests that women who have children at an early age are no worse off than comparable women who delay childbearing. According to this research, many of the disadvantages accruing to early childbearers are related to their own disadvantaged backgrounds.

This research suggests that it would be unwise to attribute all of the problems faced by teen mothers to the timing of the birth per se. But even after taking background characteristics into account, other research documents that teen mothers are less likely to finish high school, less likely to ever marry, and more likely to have additional children outside marriage. Up until the 1990s, despite some progress in convincing teens to use contraception, teen pregnancy rates continued to rise because an increasing number of teens were becoming sexually active at an early age, thereby putting themselves at risk of pregnancy. Thus, a focus on teenagers has a major role to play in future reductions of both out-of-wedlock childbearing and the growth of single-parent caused the decline in teen pregnancies and births? However, many experts believe it was some combination of greater public and private efforts to prevent teen pregnancy, the new messages about work and child support embedded in welfare reform, more conservative attitudes among the young, fear of aids and other sexually transmitted diseases, the availability of more effective forms of contraception, and perhaps the strong of these factors have undoubtedly interacted, making it difficult to ever sort out their separate effects. For example, fear of aids may have made teenagers-males in particular, for whom pregnancy has traditionally been of less concern-more cautious and willing to listen to new messages. The ku study also linked this shift in adolescent male attitudes to a change in their growth of public and private efforts to combat teen pregnancy may have also played a role, as suggested by surveys conducted by the national governors’ association, the general accounting office, the american public human services association, and most recently and comprehensively, by child trends. The survey shows that states have dramatically increased their efforts to reduce teen pregnancy (figure 3). In addition to being small, such efforts may or may not be effective in preventing pregnancy. Fortunately, we know more about this topic now than we did even a few years teen pregnancy prevention programs work?

Based on a careful review of the scholarly literature completed by douglas kirby of etr associates in santa cruz, california, a number of rigorously evaluated programs have been found to reduce pregnancy rates. Abstinence only” programs are relatively new and have not yet been subject to careful evaluation, although what research exists has not been encouraging. By themselves, teen pregnancy prevention programs cannot change prevailing social norms or attitudes that influence teen sexual behavior. The increase in teen pregnancy rates between the early 1970s and 1990 was largely the result of a change in attitudes about the appropriateness of early premarital sex, especially for young women. As more and more teen girls put themselves at risk of an early pregnancy, pregnancy rates rose. Most state efforts rely on psa campaigns but several national organizations are working with the entertainment industry to affect ch assessing the effectiveness of media campaigns is less extensive and less widely known than research evaluating community-based programs, but it shows that they, too, can be effective. But existing evidence suggests that they are a good way to reach large numbers of teens efforts to reduce teen pregnancy cost-effective? First appearance, the finding by rebecca maynard that each teen mother costs the government an average of $3,200 per year suggests that government could spend as much as $3,200 per teen girl on teen pregnancy prevention and break even in the process. But, of course, not all girls become teen mothers and programs addressing this problem are not 100 percent effective so a lot of this money would be wasted on girls who do not need services and on programs that are less than fully is a simple but useful method to estimate how much money could be spent on teen pregnancy prevention programs and still realize benefits that exceed costs. If we accept maynard’s estimate that reducing teen pregnancy saves $3,200 per birth prevented (in 2001 dollars), the question is how much should we spend to prevent such births?

Based on data reviewed by douglas kirby and by leslie snyder, a good estimate is that about one out of every ten girls enrolled in a program or reached by a media campaign might change her behavior in a way that delayed pregnancy beyond her teen years. As the wertheimer survey showed, actual spending on teen pregnancy prevention programs in the entire nation now averages about $8 per teenage girl. If the potential savings are $64 per teenage female while actual current spending is only $8 per teenage female, government is clearly missing an opportunity for productive investments in prevention programs. In fact, these calculations-while rough-suggest that government could spend up to eight times ($64 divided by $8) as much as is currently being spent and still break ations for welfare reform reauthorization research and experience over the last decade suggest several lessons for the administration and congress as they consider reauthorization of the 1996 welfare reform , the emphasis in the current law on time limits, work, and child support enforcement should be maintained. These messages may be far more important than any specific provisions aimed at increasing marriage or reducing out-of-wedlock childbearing, and their effects are likely to cumulate over , the federal government should fund a national resource center to collect and disseminate information about what works to prevent teen pregnancy. States and communities had no way of learning about each other’s efforts and teens themselves had no ready source of information about the risks of pregnancy and the consequences of early unprotected sex. And since a large proportion of non-marital births occurs in this age group, and a significant number of teens continue to be sexually active, education about and access to reproductive health services remains important through title x of the public health service act, the medicaid program, and other federal and state , adequate resources should be provided to states to prevent teen pregnancy, without specifying the means for achieving this goal. In addition, states that work successfully to reduce teen pregnancy should be rewarded for their efforts. This does not mean the federal government should not reward states that achieve certain objectives, such as an increase in the proportion of children living in two-parent families, a decline in the non-marital birth ratio, or a decline in the teen pregnancy or birth rate. The evidence presented above suggests that states should be spending roughly eight times as much as they are now on teen pregnancy , the federal government should fund a national media campaign.

Too many public officials and community leaders have assumed that if they could just find the right program, teen pregnancy rates would be reduced. Although there are now a number of programs that have proved effective, the burden of reducing teen pregnancy should not rest on programs alone. Rather, we should build on the fledgling efforts undertaken at the state and national level over the past five years to fund a broad-based, sophisticated media campaign to reduce teen pregnancy. Check failed, please try , your blog cannot share posts by ch proposal: exploring the causes of teenage pregnancy in the uk. 0 proposed title of ing the causes of teenage pregnancy in the actually shows the extent to which teenage pregnancy proves to be a social menace in the fabric of britain’s cloth. Among the background of teenage girls, the ones who are more vulnerable to become pregnant are: the homeless, children of teenage parents, underachieving in school, those in or leaving care, involved in crime, members of some ethnic groups and those leaving in high socially deprived must be emphasized that, this research development proposal will look into why the widespread of pregnancy among teenage girls in uk, its effects and also propose mitigating measures in relation to the problem. 2 statement of problem and western and eastern cultures, pregnancy among teenagers is a common social canker. Even though, teenage pregnancy may be seen as a positive sign as some believe is a sign of fertility, many researches depicts that it comes with some related psychological, physical and social problems (limmer, 2005). The rate of pregnancy breaks to bare that the cases of unplanned pregnancy are on the high side. Most teenage mothers are faced with the problem of postnatal depression, economic difficulties, poor housing, unfinished education, and a few to mention.

In addition the babies of these teenagers are of risk such as high mortality and low birth rate (mayson, 2011). About sample research proposal on teenage teenage pregnancy be prevented given the fact that education plays a crucial factor for disseminating imperative information? Pregnancy research so called “in”, but the equal treatment for birth control methods are a teen girl doesn’t have goals for her future or doesn’t have control over her life she is also a greater chance that she will become pregnant. Occasionally, abuse is the result of teenage results of this trend are everlasting, dramatic, and sometimes traumatic. And is used as independent variable for research ee motivation (independent variable):Motivation refers to the beginning, direction, intensity and determination of human behavior. Mathis feels that if a class that talks about the importance of condoms could prevent an unplanned pregnancy, why not add it to the school’s program. Removing it from the curriculum does not discourage young people from having sex; it puts them at risk for unwanted pregnancies and stds when having n claims that teenage pregnancy is everybody’s problem and not just one political party or another. On teenage pregnancy scratch the surface that lies beneath the complex issues of teenage pregnancy. There are many adverse concerns that encompass teen pregnancy, to which society has even developed its own views upon. Concerns that develop from adolescent pregnancy can have negative impacts for teenage parents, children, and even society.

According to furstenberg, “in 1995, in his state of the union address, president bill clinton singled out teenage childbearing as “our most serious social problem”. Eliminating the glamorous lifestyles of teenage parents, we will help teens face the reality that being a parent is ultimately difficult. The teen parents should help send out the message that it is hard to live life as a teenage parent and that television shows don’t fully depict the hardships that come along with raising children. Instead of having shows that glamorize pregnancy, we should have shows that educate teens on…. Pregnancy t a fully developed maturity the mother can also suffer from emotional and mental stagnation. She may feel humiliated and ashamed after her pregnancy begins to show, so then she refuses to finish school and as a result she lessens her ability to effectively raise her child. When teenage mother are pregnant, they are the least likely of all maternal age groups to get early and regular prenatal care. Pregnancy and the media sex, drugs, and alcohol influence teens to do the same things that they listen to in their songs. They are influenced to do bad things and this is a perfect example of how seeing teenage pregnancy in the media can give them the wrong perception. In society today, there are more shows about sex and teen pregnancy than there has been ever before.

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