Research paper on juvenile delinquency

You may also sort these by color marxist crime perspective on juvenile delinquency of african americans. Introduction countless studies from respected sociologists, criminologists, and psychologists have suggested several theories as to why juvenile delinquency exists. The theory this paper uses to explain juvenile delinquency is the marxist perspective of the conflict theory. What this paper seeks to achieve is to show how this theory is conceptualized, how it causes juvenile delinquency particularly for african americans, statistics on african american juveniles, and why it could lead to a life of crime as juveniles transition into adulthood.... That is what is happening to many underage juvenile all over the united states; they are being sent to adult prisons for crimes that do not deserve such severe punishments. During the course of this story you can see how many of the juvenile delinquency theories that we reviewed in class can be applied and seen, it also shows that some theories can be proven wrong based on the circumstances. One of the juvenile delinquency theories that could have changed this whole story is one of development theories’ sub theories, life-course theory.... Introduction juvenile delinquency is committing criminal acts or offenses by a young person, generally involving people under the age of eighteen. For my research proposal my research question is what can cause or deter juvenile delinquency in first time offenders. I feel that this is an important question to be asking, because in our society there is too much juvenile delinquency and if we can use this research to figure out what can cause and deter this phenomenon then we could sincerely help a lot of adolescents.... Delinquency has been taken advantage and will remain to, if the proper action isn't taken place. From the day the juvenile has been given a sentence till the day the sentence has expired this individual should be given extra attention to.... The absence of adequate schools, disconnected communities, positive family-home reinforcement, and sufficient preparation to become viable adults links the precursor for problem behavior with adolescent delinquency; which will m... Findings in literature suggest that delinquent youths are involved in a relationship between peers delinquent behavior and a respondent’s own delinquency (warr, 1996). A juvenile delinquent offense is an act committed by a juvenile for which an adult would be tried at a criminal court. With all of the crime being reported by the media about juveniles, one can’t help but wonder if all of our nation’s youth are juvenile delinquents. Although there are many cases where the juvenile did not commit a serious crime, there are others where the crime is so bad the juvenile court system tries the juvenile as an adult. As stated by bartol and bartol “juvenile delinquency is an imprecise, nebulous, social, clinical, and legal label for a wide variety of law- and norm-violating behavior” (2011, pg 139). The researchers sought to determine six adverse experiences for which they had passed the boys in childhood and physical and sexual abuse, witnessing abuse or problems at home by alcohol or drugs taken by a relative.... Understanding juvenile delinquency is important because it is part of trying to figure out how people in american society should react to it; specifically, in terms of law enforcement officers, their agencies, and state legislators. To help better understand the rights that a juvenile is entitled to, the following situations faced by the criminal justice system when dealing with juvenile detainees will be examined. The two main areas of discussion include; juvenile’s rights at time of arrest and additional protections afforded to the juvenile.... I couldn't begin to cover all the possible reasons that may cause an adolescent to become a "juvenile delinquent. During my research, i found that the term juvenile delinquency is defined a number of ways.

Mosby's medical nursing, and allied health dictionary summed up juvenile delinquency best with this definition; "resistant antisocial, illegal, or criminal behavior by children or adolescents to the degree that it cannot be controlled or corrected by the parents, endangers others in the community, and becomes the concern of a law enforcement agency"(1994).... If this is a true saying, then society will have to deal with the complex issue of juveniles delinquents, who may eventually become adult criminals, as societies in time past dealt with the same conflict. Moreover, if this saying is true then the community in which juvenile delinquencies exist must have the tools necessary to divert the youth from crime. If one is to convert delinquent youth’s behavior, they need to be able to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms.... If this is true then society will have to deal with the complex burden of juvenile who eventually become adult criminals. However, if this saying is not true then the community in which juvenile delinquency exist must have the tool necessary to divert the youth in the community. If one is to change delinquent youth’s behavior, they need to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivisms.... However juvenile delinquency can be prevented by offering bullying prevention, violence prevention curriculums and mentoring programs.... The causal factors for delinquency is defined as attention deficit and impulsivity problems, depression and mood, academic achievement, and parental supervision. Each of them will utilize self-report measures from both the juvenile, and, for those factors involving the family, one of their parents or guardians, as well.... Background one of the best strategies for combating juvenile delinquency is adopting developmental crime prevention program. The bio-psychosocial factors are an essential pieces for mental health professional to prevent and/ or reduce juvenile delinquent behaviors (keenan, et al. Even though a juvenile has one or more factors of risk, it does not mean that s/he will become a delinquent in the future (mccord, j. Using pertinent theories of juvenile delinquency, this policy proposal will first highlight areas in the illinois juvenile justice system that are in need of updates and modifications and secondly identify specific changes to be made in the current system. Through the application of rational choice, social control and strain theories along with an analysis of current research in the field, the submitted proposal will present one key policy change that may further reduce the number of juvenile delinquents both now and in the future.... The juvenile generation of today has drifted far from the family values that their parents grew up with and tried to pass along to them but there are many loop holes in the generations of yesterday and today. For this reason, society’s reactions and solutions to the problem of delinquency are also modern developments. The united states developed the first youth court in 1899 and is now home to many new and formerly untested methods of juvenile rehabilitation and correction. One of many unique programs within the juvenile justice system, boot camps are institutions designed to keep delinquent juveniles out of traditional incarceration facilities and still provide a structured method of punishment and rehabilitation.... Juvenile delinquency in the states presently, juvenile justice is widely acknowledged as being in a state of flux in the united states. The early 1990s saw the most substantial rise in violent crime committed by juveniles ever experienced in this country. On the heels of decades of skepticism about the effectiveness of parens patriae (the state as parent), this rise was the "proof" for many "experts" who believe that the juvenile justice system should be abolished. Was juvenile delinquency actually a by-product of genetics or could it be a product of “behavioral sink”- that environmental abyss that absorbs so many teens. Definition of delinquency although arguable on both sides, environment clearly has the lead in determining juvenile behavior....

Juvenile delinquency may evolve around many different factors before it becomes a problem for society to solve. Female juvenile delinquency in canada  the punishment for girls was much more harsh in the early days of canada’s history when crime was seen as an intolerable part of town life. In depicting juvenile delinquency in the classroom, a few film directors portrayed novice teachers' desire to reach what the school system customarily labeled as "problem students. This term paper looks at an account involving a juvenile delinquent josé and juvenile delinquents in broad and those in disagreement with the rule and the law in particular. It scrutinizes the status or condition of the american juvenile justice arrangement or system and tries to explore the motive or the grounds behind children finally resorting to delinquent vices in concurrence with the offences they usually engage in are indicted of committing. The differences and similarities with these two reasons makes one see how this deduction came to be however; upon closer inspection one can notice how it isn’t one risk factor over another that causes delinquency but a combination of those factors. I think it's important for us as a society to remember that the youth within juvenile justice systems are, most of the time, youths who simply haven't had the right mentors and supporters around them - because of circumstances beyond their control. Juvenile delinquency can also be referred to as juvenile offending is when a young person under the age eighteen who in which has repeatedly committed a crime or offense. In the united states and other countries, juvenile crime is one of the most serious problems. Juvenile delinquents, or youth that have been convicted of a crime, seem to be the norm these days. Citizens, families, and poliy makers want new programs and policies within the juvenile justice system. Researchers have found that the family structure can be a precursor to delinquent behavior, and families do not have the control or blance that they once did. From a liberal viewpoint, there exist two fundamental theories to explain the causal factors behind juvenile delinquency. They become juvenile delinquents, and turn against the very system that is trying to help them. Juvenile delinquency there is no doubt that various experts can give us many theories as to the causes of juvenile delinquency, including one's economic background, substance abuse, delinquent peer groups, repeated exposure to violence, increased availability of firearms and media violence. However, i feel that the number one cause of juvenile delinquency is the breakdown of families, including lack of parental control over children. I will look at the most recent statistics and a few of the programs implemented to reduce or prevent delinquency. Before delving too deep into juvenile delinquency, it is important to consider the definitions of "juvenile" and "delinquent". Juvenile delinquency: increasing juvenile crime and violence these days, children have been exposed to many dangers such as child abuse or kidnapping. Early intervention and juvenile delinquency prevention: evidence from the chicago longitudinal study (cls) (mann, e. The chicago longitudinal study (cls) was a quasi-experimental design study which investigated the role of child-parent center (cpc), early education intervention (independent variable) and child, family, peer and school-level predictors on court-reported juvenile delinquency (dependent variable). The predictor variables used have been supported through extensive research and included: early antisocial behavior, individual-level attributes of the child family attributes, and social characteristics of both the child and the family (lipsey & derzon,... The problem presented to the city of centervale is an increase in juvenile delinquency and status offenses; as a result of community complaints it is understood that there is a general sentiment that has been adopted of which would suggest that children in this area are out of control. It is recognized that centervale has already employed various types of juvenile delinquency remedy approaches through a juvenile court, a diversion program, community corrections, and probation for some time.

It is suggested that while these programs will prove advantageous in their own ways, it is necessary to also apply a juvenile prevention program/initiative.... The behavior among juveniles and family problems among their homes is a major issue at hand in our society today. According to the national criminal justice reference service (2010), in the year 2010, 784 juveniles were arrested for murder, 2,198 for rape, and 35,001 for aggravated assault. The amount of juveniles being involved in violent crimes is very detrimental to all aspects of our society, but environmental factors are a major component of this issue that needs to be analyzed. The question is then is how does instability and turmoil within the family affect the rate of juvenile delinquency amount youth.... This way of thinking was confirmed by doctor fredric wertham in 1954 when he testified in the united states senate on the topic of comic books being the cause of juvenile delinquency. Introduction in recent discussions of juvenile delinquency, a controversial issue has been whether students being arrested or penalized for truancy is successful or not. In criminology, researchers have constantly tried to explain why people commit crime and engage in juvenile delinquency. The lack of strong parental figures causes juvenile delinquency imagine a thirteen-year-old boy living with his mother. Add to this scenario a group of teenage friends that are involved in delinquent activities and it is almost guaranteed that a juvenile delinquent will emerge out of this situation.... Over the years, countless efforts have been made to find a comprehensive explanation for delinquency. There are about 2,600 prisoners serving a life sentence for a crime they committed as a juvenile who were not even given the chance of parole. You do the crime, you pay the time,” is a common phrase uttered throughout our society in regard to juvenile delinquency. Criminal and delinquent subcultures crime and delinquency subculture reflects on culture patterns surrounding crime and juvenile delinquency. It is impossible to find out exactly the number of homeless; however, the researchers can do a study to estimate that number.... Juvenile delinquency is enormously damaging to the health and well-being of the nations families and communities. A juvenile crime can consist of dui, robbery, rape, minor in possession, weapon in possession anything an adult can be charged with. Individuals under the age of eighteen who commit these crimes can be charged as a juvenile delinquent. Statistics show that most juveniles that commit crimes are in a gang; weather its street related or school related.... Introduction: recidivism or, habitual relapses into crime, has time and time again proven to be an issue among delinquents, which thereby increases the overall juvenile prison population. Unless a unit for measuring a juvenile’s risk of recidivism is enacted and used to determine a system to promote effective prevention, than the juvenile prison population will continue to increase. Our court system should not only focus on punishing the said juvenile but also enforce a program or policy that will allow for prevention of recidivism.... Juvenile justice system in the us focuses not only in disciplining juvenile offenders but also in trying to come with factors which accelerate these offences. This is with the aim of avoiding these problems in future and also trying to identify the most effective methods of handling juvenile offenders.

One of the main causes of delinquency is maltreatment, especially during the early stages of life. In 1899, the nation’s first juvenile court for youth under the age of 16 was established in chicago to provide rehabilitation rather than punishment. By 1925, following the chicago model, all but two states had juvenile courts whose goals were to turn youth into productive citizens utilizing treatment that included warnings, probation, and training school confinement(cox et al. For many, the term juvenile delinquent likely conjures up images of groups of young men standing on street corners, wearing baggy clothes, and boasting defiant attitudes. However, some may be surprised to learn that the face of the juvenile delinquent is swiftly changing. While boys are responsible for the majority of juvenile crime overall, the number of juvenile females involved with the justice system has been steadily increasing over the past three decades (gross 84). Of greatest concern is the context of the crimes being committed by juvenile girls, as arrest rates have increased most in the area of violent offenses.... Predicting recidivism in juvenile delinquents: the role of mental health diagnoses and the qualification of conclusions by race. Throughout the years, the juvenile detention has suffered from an identity crisis so severe that it seems to be relinquishing its ability to help youth. The united states still puts more children and teenagers in juvenile detention than any other developed nations in the world. The juvenile detention is a really unfavorable strategy for many youths under the age of 19. Is it fair for one person, just seventeen years of age or younger, to be tried in a juvenile court, receiving a lesser sentence for under than someone who is just 5 months older who committed the same crime. Are juveniles under the age of 18 fully capable of being held responsible for their actions or are all juveniles mentally incapable of realizing their actions will have consequences.... Juvenile crime in the united states is ballooning out of control along with adult crimes, and politicians and law enforcement officials don’t seem to be able to do anything about it. The failure of these recent measures along with new research and studies by county juvenile delinquency programs point to the only real cure to the u. More juveniles crimes, are sentenced to juvenile court, and then sent right back to where they started the question is, are these juveniles being treated right, are they getting the proper attention. Boot camps and juvenile crime five years ago, responding to an increase in serious juvenile crime, the state of maryland initiated one of the nation's largest boot camp programs for teenage criminals. Military-style discipline may work as punishment at juvenile boot camps, but it has not been effective as rehabilitation.... Our free enter the title keyword:Research paper juvenile november 26, ntative essay on computer technology in schools o format essay heading o format essay heading in : november 30, 2017have an english essay due in tomorrow. 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A comment cancel ch paper juvenile 01: extraordinary movies for men’s style, part or money clip—which is cooler? Join le crime in the social policy issues are as highly emotionally charged as those pertaining to juvenile crime. Youthful offenders were treated like adult criminals until around 1900, when separate juvenile processing procedures developed with goals of rehabilitation. Facing drastic increases in violent crime during the 1980s, however, the pendulum has swung back to processing many juvenile offenders as adults; possibly being charged with punishments as severe as life in prison and the death penalty. New research on juvenile brain development and malfunction, made possible by magnetic resonance imaging (mri), now raises scientific and human rights challenges to many "get tough" social ds co-offending; eighth amendment; frontal lobe; juvenile; magnetic resonance imaging (mri); procedural justice; punishment; recidivism; rehabilitation; re-entry population; re-offenders; school-safety; sentencing le crime is defined as illegal acts against people or property committed by individuals under the age of eighteen. In addition to the science relevant to these issues, however, the debate over juvenile offenders is also governed by the media, public opinion, and personal beliefs. Our own fears and vulnerabilities help shape personal and public policy views toward juvenile criminal offenders and the mechanisms by which crime can be reduced in our cities and is clear that most people believe that juvenile violent crime to be a national crisis. In january of 2007, for example, the national council on crime and delinquency (nccd) completed a national poll of us voters and nine out of ten respondents agreed that "youth crime is a major problem in our communities" (krisberg & marchionna, 2007). Experts in juvenile crime, however, fault the media for what they believe to be sensationalistic, ratings-driven coverage of a relative few gruesome criminal events. Media reporter, susan douglas, (1993) and others argue that this emphasis on specific incidences of juvenile violent crime is evil in its own right because it fails to consider the institutional violence in our society that fosters juvenile crime, such as poverty, racism, unemployment, lack of gun control, poor educational opportunities, failed drug treatment policies, violent homes and communities, and inadequate social and medical salient topic concerning juvenile crime, then, is the nature and extent of it in our society. Experts on juvenile crime usually rely on annual data provided by the federal bureau of investigation's (fbi) uniform crime report (ucr) that tracks arrests involving all offenders and the office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention (ojjdp). Further review of the fbi and ojjdp data for 2012 suggests a decrease in overall juvenile crime rates from 2011 to 2012: the number of juveniles arrested for property crimes in 2012 decreased 11. This data raises alarm for some public policy advocates, others, such as michael jones and barry krisberg (1994) of the national council on crime and delinquency argue that juvenile crime rates have not soared over the past three decades, and, in fact, they have declined or remained constant when one considers more detailed and reliable indicators. Since juvenile offenders are more likely to commit crimes with their peers ("co-offend"), for example, the successful arrest of three juveniles for one murder inflates the actual juvenile crime data to suggest that there were three murders, not one. Thus, one major challenge in any analysis of juvenile crime and resulting public policy is one's interpretation of the data available about the nature and extent of juvenile criminal actions of youth t (1999) reports that the office of juvenile justice and delinquency (ojjdp) identified six risk categories for youth violence that provides a useful way of organizing causal conditions for youthful offenders: community/society, economic, family, individual, school, and peers. Additionally, mocan and tekin (2006) found that "gun availability at home is positively related to the propensity to commit crime for juveniles. Despite research suggesting that the public believes parents have some responsibility for the crimes of their children, there seems to be little public support for laws making parents liable for those crimes (brank & weisz, 2004). One interesting study on the short-term effect of attending school on juvenile crime is reported by jacob and lefgren (2003). While gangs are not new to american society, the vast increase in their numbers, their blanket coverage of our nation throughout urban and rural areas, their subculture of violence, and their enhanced influence in all facets of american life make them a deadly and powerful force in juvenile to recent scientific inquiry, however, the ojjdp risk category of "individual" is receiving compelling consideration in the debate over juvenile crime. Through magnetic resonance imaging (mri) studies, scientists know that the brain of a juvenile is less developed than that of an adult, especially in the frontal lobe, which is responsible for executive, high order functioning, such as memory, planning, and inhibition. Bower (2004) and others (steinberg, 2012) suggest this condition presents some juveniles with difficulties in "regulating aggression, long-range planning, mental flexibility, abstract thinking, the capacity to hold in mind related pieces of information, and perhaps moral judgment. In addition to the findings on inherent diminished brain functioning capacity in children, mri research also suggests that exposure to violent video games and television might impact frontal lobe development and function negatively (playing, 2003; phillips, 2004; stukel, 2012). Because of these findings, advocates in juvenile justice, such as the human rights watch, have pressured politicians and judicial leaders to reconsider harsh, punitive measures in sentencing juvenile violent offenders.

In september 2013, massachusetts became the thirty-ninth state, along with the federal government and the district of columbia, to classify seventeen-year-old defendants as juveniles. Prior to these new laws, seventeen-year-olds were allowed to be tried, arraigned, and sentenced as the above risk categories provide some characteristics of juvenile offenders, they do not inevitably lead to crime. Log in n the superpredator myth and discuss the ramifications of the myth upon juveniles, law...